Art Detail | Ilham Gallery
Loji-Loji bantu pam2 ayer penyejok / Jana letrik Tanah MOH
Loji-Loji bantu pam2 ayer penyejok / Jana letrik Tanah MOH

On many occasions, Hoessein Enas also painted the Malaysian landscape. Unlike other artists, he was not only enamoured by the idylls of the pastoral. Instead, he had an expanded view of what constituted landscape. These works also highlight his interest in depicting themes of development and progress, capturing modernising forces at work in redefining the Malaysian vista.

colour pencil, pen and marker on paper
36 x 26cm
Credit Line:
Collection of ILHAM Foundation
© Hoessein Enas
About Hoessein Enas

Hoessein Enas (1924 - 1995) came to Malaya from Indonesia in 1947. His artistic stature as a portrait painter in the academic realist style grew in prominence following Malaya’s independence in 1957 and the formation of Malaysia in 1963, a country he came to identify as home. In 1956, he was the founding member of Angkatan Pelukis Semenanjung which was an important force in the development of artistic activity in the country around Independence. In 1963, Shell Ltd. commissioned him to travel throughout the country to produce a series of drawings and paintings to commemorate the formation of Malaysia. In 1990, Hoessein Enas was conferred ‘Royal Portrait Painter’ status by HRH The Sultan of Selangor.

Further Readings
  • Dato’ Hoessein Enas: From His Personal Collection, Rahel Joseph and Nur Hanim Khairuddin, eds., Kuala Lumpur: ILHAM, 2015.

  • Menemui Moderniti: 40 tahun Angkatan Pelukis Se-Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: Balai Seni Lukis Negara, 1998.

  • Tan Chee Khuan, The Life and Art of Dato’ M. Hoessein Enas, Penang Art Gallery, 1999.

Learning Section

  • Imagine you are inside one of these drawings. What sounds do you hear? What smells do you notice? What is the atmosphere like in the room? What is the temperature in the room? How do you feel towards the men in the drawings? What kind of people are they? What kind of conversations do they have? Would they include you in their group? Would this change if you were older or younger than you are? Would it change if you were a man or a woman?

  • Hoessein Enas was interested in how technology and urbanisation changed Malaysia during his lifetime. How has technology and globalisation changed Malaysia during your lifetim?  What image would show those changes? Could you make a response to Hoessein Enas’ work by drawing an image that represents these changes?